The reversal of academic underachievement viewed through the eyes of the gifted child

Authors

Jodi Lamanna, Wilma Vialle & Catherine Wormald

 

This literature review investigated studies that explored the underachievement and reversal of underachievement in gifted students. Underachievement in gifted students is of concern to parents and educators yet only a small number of studies have investigated this phenomenon through the lens of the gifted underachieving student. The role of teachers, school curriculum and peers emerged as strong themes within the literature and key findings showed that a positive teacher-student connection, an appropriately challenging curriculum, and working with like-minded peers had a strong influence on reversing academic underachievement in gifted students.

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vol31_3_Lamanna_et_al.pdf (42 downloads)

 

Keywords: gifted, underachievement, reversal of underachievement, systematic review

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Gifted girls: Dispelling the misconception of gender equity in gifted education

Author

Emily Sinclair

 

In the field of education, specialised programs for gifted students are paramount to ensuring an appropriately challenging and rigorous learning experience. Unfortunately, these programs are not always equitable. With regard to gifted girls, gender disparity and preconceived societal stereotypes of female students can inhibit girls’ access to such educational opportunities. This paper intends to dispel the misconception that gifted girls receive equitable access to gifted programs. This will be achieved through an evaluation of their characteristics, identification practices, and underachievement. Effective strategies will subsequently be proposed to address this prevailing issue in the field of gifted education.

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vol31_2_Emily_Sinclair.PDF (43 downloads)

 

Keywords: gifted education, girls, gender stereotypes, identification, equity

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Gifted students in the heartland: Who they are and why it matters

Authors

Jude Matyo-Cepero, Phu Vu, Richard Meyer, Wendy McCarty & Bailey Irwin

 

This study used a data collecting technique called Knowledge Discovery in Databases (KDD) to examine profiles of 109 gifted students in Nebraska who achieved perfect ACT and/or SAT scores between the years 2011 and 2016. The result of data analysis showed that most were white male students from private schools in urban areas. According to those talented students, achieving perfect test scores may be attributed to their hard work and/or multiple attempts. Compared to their school counterparts, the focus students were also comparatively well-rounded in terms of academic excellence and leadership in their schools’ extracurricular activities and community service. Based on the findings, it is argued that nature and nurture are not mutually exclusive when it comes to gifted students; educators and other stakeholders can thus seek to not only nurture gifted students’ natural abilities, but also to help build a strong academic work ethic and commitment to service to others.

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vol31_1_MatyoCepero_et_al.pdf (32 downloads)

 

Keywords: gifted students, perfect test scores, high school students, educational data mining

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Teacher perceptions of gifted cultural minorities: An Australian study

Author

Genevieve Thraves

 

This paper presents findings from a qualitative case study set within an Australian boarding school, which explored the perceptions of teachers in relation to gifted cultural minorities. The study aimed to shed light on the persistent underrepresentation of some cultural minority groups in the extension and enrichment programs offered at the study site. Ten teacher participants at Boarding College [Pseudonym] were recruited and interviewed in relation to their views on the topic. Thematic analysis revealed that the teachers held diverse views of cultural minorities, and lacked the cultural competence to respond to the gifted needs of these learners. The teachers also viewed giftedness and gifted programs as performance based, and this may act to preclude some cultural minorities from being identified. Furthermore, it was found that the teachers often viewed the underrepresentation of Indigenous students in gifted education as stemming from issues relating to the students and their culture, and from systemic school-based factors. Despite these somewhat negative findings, teachers at the study site viewed it to be an educator’s responsibility to cater for the gifted cultural minority student, suggesting the participants would be willing to address the problems identified.

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Vol30_2_Genevieve_Thraves.pdf (239 downloads)

 

Keywords: gifted cultural minority students, cultural competence, underrepresentation

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Should young talented readers be considered gifted students?

Author

Michelle Bannister-Tyrrell

 

Due to the lack of empirical research that currently exists on talented readers this paper takes a three-tiered approach to determining whether our talented readers should be considered gifted students. First, this paper investigates the literature on talented readers; then it reviews relevant issues in reading theory; and finally it discusses how these concepts currently sit within gifted education.

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Vol30_3_Michelle_BannisterTyrrell.pdf (176 downloads)

 

Keywords: talented reader, precocious reader, gifted

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